Beginning with the 1492 arrival of christopher columbus and continuing for over three centuries, the spanish empire would expand across the caribbean islands, half of south america, most of central america and much of north america (including present day mexico, florida and the southwestern and pacific coastal regions of the united states. The santa fe trail opens as a group of american traders from independence, missouri, led by william becknell, reaches the spanish city the santa fe trail will become the most important link between northern mexico and the united states prior to the mexican-american war in 1846. The essays provide excellent introductions to the political, social, and economic history of both spanish and portuguese america elliott, j h empires of the atlantic world: britain and spain in america, 1492–1830. Spanish colonies from 14th to 18th century included south and central america, mexico, parts of the caribbean and much of the united states see image 1 at the beginning, the spanish explored new lands to convert people into christianity. The spanish conquest of latin america brought many important changes to latin american society spain sent royal governors or viceroys to rule the colonies in the king’s name gold and silver from the americas were shipped to spain, making it the strongest power in europe in the 16th century.
Conquistador: conquistador, (spanish: “conqueror”) any of the leaders in the spanish conquest of america, especially of mexico and peru, in the 16th century an expedition against aztec mexico was led by hernán cortés, who set up a base camp at veracruz in 1519 to prepare for an advance inland cortés marched. Besides conquest spanish conquistadors made significant explorations into the amazon jungle, patagonia, the interior of north america, and the pacific ocean contents 1 conquest. The legacy of spanish colonialism in the americas, where spain was most dominant, can be seen throughout almost all of south and central america today it can also be seen in mexico and throughout much of the united states of america (usa), where over 40 million people speak spanish as their first language.
The treaty of tordesillas in 1494 drew a north-to-south line through south america spain gained territory west of the line, while portugal retained the lands east of the line, including the east coast of brazil. The history of north america deals with an area where humans came to live relatively recently, viceroyalty of new spain was the name of the viceroy-ruled territories of the spanish empire in asia, north america and its peripheries from 1535 to 1821 age of spain finally recognized mexico's independence in 1821 expansion era from the. The spanish colonization of the americas began with the arrival in america of christopher columbus (cristóbal colón) in 1492 this was the first part of the european colonization of the americas.
There were two ancient civilisations in central and south america which the spanish were particularly interested in both the inca empire of peru and the aztec empire of mexico held many riches the aztecs were the first great native american civilisation with which the spaniards came into contact. Spanish colonization of the americas (new spain / apush period 1 / colonial america) seeking to create an empire in the americas and to evangelize the native american population while many. Describe the spanish conquest of mexico and south america and identify the major features of spanish colonization and expansion in north america the spanish conquistadors were the first to encounter many of the natives in the americas. Ap us history ch1 study describe the spanish conquest of mexico and south america, and of the later spanish colonial expansion into north america (summarize spanish conquest)-led by conquistadores-destroyed land of natives-abused the original kindness-instituted encomienda system. In the 1500s, spain systematically conquered parts of north, central and south america as well as the caribbean with native governments such as the efficient inca empire in ruins, the spanish conquistadors needed to find a way to rule their new subjects the encomienda system was put in place in.
1519 -1521conquest of new spain (mexico) by hernán cortés 1524 council of the indies established in the consequences of colonisation of european expansion on the american indigenous population and the world in central and south america, the spanish settlers eventually intermarried with the incas and aztecs as most of the settlers. The spanish conquest of the inca empire was one of the most important campaigns in the spanish colonization of the americas after years of preliminary exploration and military skirmishes, 168 spanish soldiers under francisco pizarro and their native allies captured the sapa inca atahualpa in the 1532 battle of cajamarca. The confederacy's plan to conquer latin america by erik sass ventured into mexico, cuba, and south america and attempted to seize control of the lands and the debate over southern.
Beginning with the 1492 arrival of christopher columbus and continuing for over three centuries, the spanish empire would expand across half of south america, most of central america and the caribbean islands, and much of north america (including present day mexico, florida and the southwestern and pacific coastal regions of the united states. The spanish conquest of america in the 15th century christopher columbus began the conquest of america and was the first european to arrive to the americas in. Central america: central america, southernmost region of north america, lying between mexico and south america and comprising panama, costa rica, nicaragua, honduras, el salvador, guatemala, and belize it makes up most of the tapering isthmus that separates the pacific ocean, to the west, from the caribbean sea. American indians defeated all the early spanish explorers of florida the calusa and timucua of south florida were likely the first north americans to meet europeans when spanish slavers raided to replace rapidly-dying arawak workers at their new caribbean gold mines, farms, and ranches.