3 iv review of the literature a “the review of the literature provides the background and context for the research problem it should establish the need for the research and indicate that the writer is. Descriptive research design is a valid method for researching specific subjects and as a precursor to more quantitative studies whilst there are some valid concerns about the statistical validity , as long as the limitations are understood by the researcher, this type of study is an invaluable scientific tool. Qualitative research is ideal for earlier phases of research projects while for the latter part of the research project, quantitative research is highly recommended selecting the correct type from the different research methods can be a little daunting, at.
Research methods with emphasis on the nature of research, problem identification and formulation, methods of observation and data collection, analysis and interpretation, research communications, and project development. Creswell's research design is an accessible and useful book that stimulates students through walk through experiences, use of exercises, and production of actual writing samples it is a book that models the types of issues that best suit different approaches and allows students to understand when to use mixed methods. Basic research synthesis, the bringing together for discussion of the results, findings and conclusions of previous studies, is part of almost every research project research starts with a survey of relevant literature in the field, and a discussion of this is then presented to provide a context.
Research projects can be used to develop further knowledge on a topic, or in the example of a school research project, they can be used to further a student's research prowess to prepare them for future jobs or reports. Literature review the research methods are divided into three broad categories quantitative,qualitative and participatory research method these research methods have differentapproach, techniques and tools to conduct a research (collis et al, 2009. Interpretive research is a framework and practice within social science research that is invested in philosophical and methodological ways of understanding social reality it is widely viewed as a practice (and a set of paradigms) embedded in different theoretical frameworks ranging. Research methods and methodology hans weigand the dichotomy between normative and descriptive natural science has literature • designing a research project – p verschuren, h doorewaard utrecht, 1999 • desiging information technology in the postmodern age – r.
The literature review is crucial to finding out whether the research question fulfils the remaining 4 criteria if it is a descriptive research question, the aim will be, for example, “to investigate” or “to explore” the language of the research question can be helpful in deciding what research design and methods to use. Topics for preliminary exams in research methods: quantitative research methods: 1) be prepared to describe and discuss the overall logic of the scientific process quantitative research project 4) be prepared to discuss the conduct of literature reviews in sociological research with regard to literature review and the things that a. Ethical considerations can be specified as one of the most important parts of the research dissertations may even be doomed to failure if this part is missing according to bryman and bell (2007) the following ten points represent the most important principles related to ethical considerations. The theoretical framework is a summary of your theory regarding a particular problem that is developed through a review of previous research on the variables involved it identifies a plan for investigation and interpretation of the findings. Descriptive research is also well known as archival research because of the use of arcival records ( yin, 2003 ) the concept is useful and crucial when the researcher achievement focuses on details and descriptrion of ohenomena or when it should show prediction about specific findings.
Start studying research methods learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools an educated guess or a presumption based on the review of the research literature a null hypothesis diagram of the research project, particularly helpful bc the map is a conceptual tool that will help you think through a. The review and classification of literature is to provide a comprehensive source of reference for further research and studies relevant literature reviews are essential to facilitate theory develop. Early in the research process, it is important to conduct a review of the research literature on your topic to refine your research question, identify appropriate research methods, place your question in the context of other research, and prepare to write an effective research report. Chapters four and five deal with literature review and the development of research objectives, respectively a special emphasis is given to chapter six which is the chapter that contains the many elements of the methods section of a research proposal.
As part of the planning process you should have done a literature review, which is a survey of important articles, books and other sources pertaining to your research topicnow, for the second main section of your research report you need to write a summary of the main studies and research related to your topic. Research is a structured enquiry that utilizes acceptable scientific methodology to solve problems and create new knowledge that is generally applicable scientific methods consist of systematic observation, classification and interpretation. A detailed plan for conducting a study on a specific research question, that includes a literature review and specific technique to be used literature review a summary of previously conducted studies on the same topic or research question.
The database also includes case studies outlining the research methods used in real research projects this is an excellent source for finding definitions of key terms and descriptions of research design and practice, techniques of data gathering, analysis, and reporting, and information about theories of research [eg, grounded theory. To do qualitative research, start by deciding on a clear, specific question that you want to answer then, do a literature review to see what other experts are saying about the topic, and evaluate how you will best be able to answer your question. A descriptive literature review and classification of cloud computing research haibo yang school of information management, a descriptive literature review and classification of cloud computing research of the chief scientists of the original advanced research projects agency network (arpanet) project which seeded the internet, said.